Thyroid (Thyroid) and/or equivalents
No Generic Alternative.
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General Information on Thyroid
Thyroid is a natural hormonal medicine used for treating hypothyroidism. The generic name of this medication is Desiccated Thyroid, and it is part of the group of therapeutic natural hormones. Thyroid is an oral tablet that works by replacing or providing more thyroid hormone to the body. In this way, your normal physical and mental activity is maintained. Sometimes, this drug can also be used for treating or preventing goiter, or as a part of thyroid disorder medications. It can also be used for treating infertility caused due to low thyroid hormone in the body.
Side Effects for Thyroid
Hair loss may take place during the first few months of starting Thyroid treatment, but this will subside as soon as you stop the treatment or your body gets used to the drug. Some serious but rarely reported side effects of Thyroid include sensitivity to heat, increased sweating, nervousness, mood swings, mental or mood changes, tiredness, shaking or tremors, headache, diarrhea, and difficulty in breathing. These side effects are experienced when the thyroid level in your body becomes too high. You should seek immediate medical help if you experience seizures, swelling in the ankles, feet or hands, chest pain, or irregular heartbeat.
An allergy to Thyroid is characterized by rashes, hives, severe dizziness, breathing problems and swollen lips, tongue, throat or face. If you develop any of these symptoms, you should stop taking the medication immediately and seek medical attention.
Before you buy Thyroid, you should tell your doctor if you have an allergy to it or to any pork products. You should also inform him/her if you have a high blood pressure or any heart disease, decreased adrenal gland function, diabetes, or coronary artery disease. If you are going to undergo a surgery or dental procedure, you should tell your surgeon or dentist that you are taking this drug. Thyroid is safe to be taken by pregnant women, but some dosage adjustments may be required. It also passes into breast milk, but it is not known to cause any harm to the nursing baby.
In order to ensure that Thyroid is working effectively, your doctor will need to take regular blood tests. Therefore, you should not miss scheduled appointments with the doctor.
Thyroid 30mg, 60mg, and 125mg tablets are available in the market. The dosage prescribed to you depends on your medical condition and response to the treatment. You may have to take the pill orally on an empty stomach half an hour before breakfast. You may be asked to take the pill at almost the same time every day.
Certain drugs like colestipol, cholestyramine, antacids, simethicone, sucralfate, sodium polystyrene sulfonate, orlistat, and calcium carbonate can decrease the thyroid hormone absorbed by your body. If you need to take any of these medicines, you should take them before or after at least 4 hours of taking Thyroid. Other drugs that may interact with Thyroid include blood thinners, drugs for treating diabetes, and estrogen-containing products such as birth control pills and infertility medicines.
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What is a "Generic" medication/drug?
Generic drugs are medications that have comparable medicinal ingredients as the original brand name drug, but which are generally cheaper in price. Nearly 1 in 3 drugs dispensed are "generic". They undergo testing to ensure that they are similar to their "brand" counterparts in:
- Active Ingredient (e.g. "Pravastatin" is the active ingredient in brand name Pravachol)
- Dosage (e.g. 10 mg of the active ingredient)
- Safety (e.g. same or similar side effects, drug interactions)
- Performance (e.g. 10 mg of a "generic" can be substituted for 10 mg of the "brand" and have the same therapeutic result)
- Intended use (e.g. both "generic" and "brand" would be prescribed for the same conditions)
What this means is that "generic" medications can be used as a substitute of their brand equivalents with the comparable therapeutic results. There are a few exceptions (examples are outlined at the end of this page) and as always you should consult your physician before switching from a brand name medications to a generic or vice versa.
What differences are there between generic and brand?
While generics and brand equivalent drugs contain the same active ingredients, they may be different in the following ways:
- Appearance (e.g. the scoring or markings)
The color, shape and size of the medication come from the fillers that are added to the active ingredients to make the drug. These fillers that are added to the drug have no medical use and do not to change the effectiveness of the final product. A generic drug must contain comparable active ingredients and must have a comparable strength and dosage as the original brand name equivalent. Generic drugs can be more cost effective than purchasing the brand name.
Why do generics cost less than the brand name equivalents?
When a new drug is "invented", the company that discovered it has a patent on it that gives them the exclusive production rights for this medication. Once the patent expires in a country, other companies can bring the product to market under their own name. This patent prevents other companies from copying the drug during that time so they can earn back their Research and Development costs through being the exclusive supplier of the product. After the patent expires however, other companies can develop a "generic" version of the product. These versions generally are offered at much lower prices because the companies do not have the same development costs as the original company who developed the medication.
The main thing to realize here though is that the two products are therapeutically equivalent. They may look different, and be called something different.
How are Generic drugs tested to ensure quality and efficacy?
Generally speaking, the two most generally accepted methods to prove the safety of a generic version of a drug are to either repeat most of the chemistry, animal and human studies originally done, or to show that the drug performs comparably with the original brand name drug. This second option is called a "comparative bioavailability" study. During this type of study, volunteers are given the original drug, and then separately later the generic drug. The rates at which the drug is delivered to the patient (into their blood stream or otherwise absorbed) are measured to ensure they are the same. Because the same active ingredient is used the major concern is just that it delivers the common chemical(s) at the same rate so that they have the same effect. Please note that the methods that the manufacturers use may vary from country to country.