Alinia (Nitazoxanide) and/or alternatives
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General Information on Alinia
People who suffer from traveler’s diarrhea are often asked to buy Alinia, a Nitazoxanide containing antiprotozoal agent. This medicine is used to combat the effects of diarrhea caused by the protozoa Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia in adults, as well as in children.
It is an oral suspension drug and has been tested to be effective in the preliminary treatment procedure against chronic Hepatitis B when used for a year. It is now being tested against Hepatitis C as well.
Alinia Side Effects
This medicine is usually well tolerated by most people. Side effects rarely manifest and are usually not severe. The side effects related to Alinia are usually related to intestinal problems. While the drug gets rid of diarrhea, there may be some pain in the abdomen, headache, nausea, and vomiting. Allergic reactions toward this medication are rare, but if any allergies manifest, the person is most likely to feel some swelling in the face, tongue, and lips. A hives outbreak and breathing difficulty may also be experienced. If allergic reactions occur, the patient should stop using the medication immediately and get in touch with their doctor.
Nitazoxanide can cause serious allergic reactions in some people. In case you are allergic to the drug, let your doctor know. Diabetic patients should take this medication with caution since it contains sucrose, a kind of sugar. Those with kidney problems or liver disorders should also let their doctor know of their medical condition before being asked to buy Alinia. People with bile secretion problems and gallbladder problems, immune system complications, or HIV should also use this drug with caution.
Women who are pregnant, trying to get pregnant, or are breastfeeding should inform their doctor before starting a course of the medicine.
This is an oral medication, and Alinia 100mg is administered for three days at 12 hour intervals, along with food. This is the usual prescription unless your doctor decides otherwise. Children younger than 11 are not prescribed this medicine since it is not suitable for them, so they are given Nitazoxanide suspension instead.
Since Alinia is an antibiotic, each dose should be evenly spaced out so that the medicine is most effective. The medicine should be continued till all symptoms of the illness disappear because even though the signs of the illness may be gone, the parasites keep growing within the body. Stopping the medication in the middle of its course may result in the relapse of the infection, but in case the condition worsens, the doctor should be informed. In case you miss a dose, it is better to skip it; otherwise, it can be harmful for you.
Your doctor should be informed of any other medications that you are taking before deciding on the dosage of Alinia. Prescription drugs, non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements can affect the effectiveness of Alinia.
This medication should not be used with other medicines, and neither should it be used at any time later on without a doctor’s prescription. Buy Alinia online if you have a prescription from your doctor.
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What is a "Generic" medication/drug?
Generic drugs are medications that have comparable medicinal ingredients as the original brand name drug, but which are generally cheaper in price. Nearly 1 in 3 drugs dispensed are "generic". They undergo testing to ensure that they are similar to their "brand" counterparts in:
- Active Ingredient (e.g. "Pravastatin" is the active ingredient in brand name Pravachol)
- Dosage (e.g. 10 mg of the active ingredient)
- Safety (e.g. same or similar side effects, drug interactions)
- Performance (e.g. 10 mg of a "generic" can be substituted for 10 mg of the "brand" and have the same therapeutic result)
- Intended use (e.g. both "generic" and "brand" would be prescribed for the same conditions)
What this means is that "generic" medications can be used as a substitute of their brand equivalents with the comparable therapeutic results. There are a few exceptions (examples are outlined at the end of this page) and as always you should consult your physician before switching from a brand name medications to a generic or vice versa.
What differences are there between generic and brand?
While generics and brand equivalent drugs contain the same active ingredients, they may be different in the following ways:
- Appearance (e.g. the scoring or markings)
The color, shape and size of the medication come from the fillers that are added to the active ingredients to make the drug. These fillers that are added to the drug have no medical use and do not to change the effectiveness of the final product. A generic drug must contain comparable active ingredients and must have a comparable strength and dosage as the original brand name equivalent. Generic drugs can be more cost effective than purchasing the brand name.
Why do generics cost less than the brand name equivalents?
When a new drug is "invented", the company that discovered it has a patent on it that gives them the exclusive production rights for this medication. Once the patent expires in a country, other companies can bring the product to market under their own name. This patent prevents other companies from copying the drug during that time so they can earn back their Research and Development costs through being the exclusive supplier of the product. After the patent expires however, other companies can develop a "generic" version of the product. These versions generally are offered at much lower prices because the companies do not have the same development costs as the original company who developed the medication.
The main thing to realize here though is that the two products are therapeutically equivalent. They may look different, and be called something different.
How are Generic drugs tested to ensure quality and efficacy?
Generally speaking, the two most generally accepted methods to prove the safety of a generic version of a drug are to either repeat most of the chemistry, animal and human studies originally done, or to show that the drug performs comparably with the original brand name drug. This second option is called a "comparative bioavailability" study. During this type of study, volunteers are given the original drug, and then separately later the generic drug. The rates at which the drug is delivered to the patient (into their blood stream or otherwise absorbed) are measured to ensure they are the same. Because the same active ingredient is used the major concern is just that it delivers the common chemical(s) at the same rate so that they have the same effect. Please note that the methods that the manufacturers use may vary from country to country.