Cozaar (Losartan Potassium) and/or alternatives
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General Information On Cozaar
Cozaar is a popular medicine for the treatment of high blood pressure. The drug belongs to the angiotensin II receptor antagonists group and was the first in its drug category to become available on the market. Cozaar works by relaxing the blood vessels so that they allow for the free flow of blood. The medication is known to reduce tightness in the blood vessels and prevents the most devastating effects of high blood pressure, including heart attacks, strokes, and kidney disorders.
Side Effects for Cozaar
Serious side effects that may occur in patients taking Cozaar include irregular heartbeat, fainting, and a decrease in the amount of urine passed. Headache, back pain, fatigue and diarrhea are among the side effects that may subside after few days and are not that serious. Hoarseness, breathing difficulty, problems with swallowing, and swelling in certain body parts may also surface after you start taking Cozaar. Do not neglect the occurrence of these signs and talk to your doctor about them. Your doctor may adjust the dose of the medication or suggest some other solutions to handle these side effects.
Your doctor must know if you have been suffering from any liver or kidney disease. If you are allergic to other drugs, this must be communicated to the doctor before you buy Cozaar. Pregnant women must strictly follow their doctor’s advice about using Cozaar or not, as it is capable of causing birth defects in newborns. Observe precautions if you are breastfeeding a child by discussing the situation with your doctor. You must know that alcohol consumption must be avoided while taking Cozaar. It is also important to be use caution while driving or using heavy machines during the course of treatment.
Cozaar may cause dizziness if you perform heavy exercises while taking this medication. You must restrain from exercising extensively and also from exposing your body to extreme temperatures. Make sure to store the medication at room temperature and away from the reach of children and pets.
Cozaar is available in the form of tablets. The recommended dose for the treatment of high blood pressure is Cozaar 25 mg to Cozaar 100 mg daily. Your doctor may recommend taking the medication as a single dose or twice a day. For the treatment of high blood pressure with left ventricular hypertrophy, the recommended dosage is Cozaar 50 mg to Cozaar 100 mg daily. A missed dose can be taken only if sufficient time is left between the next dose. An overdose may cause serious repercussions, and if it occurs, immediate action must be taken under the guidance of a medical expert.
Cozaar can possibly interact with lithium based medications and supplements. However, it is strictly recommended that you consult your doctor if you take any other prescribed or non-prescribed medications to prevent any type of adverse drug reactions. At the same time, you must inform the doctor if you suffer from any health issues after starting Cozaar. Medications for any other illnesses must not be taken without seeking recommendations from a medical expert.
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What is a "Generic" medication/drug?
Generic drugs are medications that have comparable medicinal ingredients as the original brand name drug, but which are generally cheaper in price. Nearly 1 in 3 drugs dispensed are "generic". They undergo testing to ensure that they are similar to their "brand" counterparts in:
- Active Ingredient (e.g. "Pravastatin" is the active ingredient in brand name Pravachol)
- Dosage (e.g. 10 mg of the active ingredient)
- Safety (e.g. same or similar side effects, drug interactions)
- Performance (e.g. 10 mg of a "generic" can be substituted for 10 mg of the "brand" and have the same therapeutic result)
- Intended use (e.g. both "generic" and "brand" would be prescribed for the same conditions)
What this means is that "generic" medications can be used as a substitute of their brand equivalents with the comparable therapeutic results. There are a few exceptions (examples are outlined at the end of this page) and as always you should consult your physician before switching from a brand name medications to a generic or vice versa.
What differences are there between generic and brand?
While generics and brand equivalent drugs contain the same active ingredients, they may be different in the following ways:
- Appearance (e.g. the scoring or markings)
The color, shape and size of the medication come from the fillers that are added to the active ingredients to make the drug. These fillers that are added to the drug have no medical use and do not to change the effectiveness of the final product. A generic drug must contain comparable active ingredients and must have a comparable strength and dosage as the original brand name equivalent. Generic drugs can be more cost effective than purchasing the brand name.
Why do generics cost less than the brand name equivalents?
When a new drug is "invented", the company that discovered it has a patent on it that gives them the exclusive production rights for this medication. Once the patent expires in a country, other companies can bring the product to market under their own name. This patent prevents other companies from copying the drug during that time so they can earn back their Research and Development costs through being the exclusive supplier of the product. After the patent expires however, other companies can develop a "generic" version of the product. These versions generally are offered at much lower prices because the companies do not have the same development costs as the original company who developed the medication.
The main thing to realize here though is that the two products are therapeutically equivalent. They may look different, and be called something different.
How are Generic drugs tested to ensure quality and efficacy?
Generally speaking, the two most generally accepted methods to prove the safety of a generic version of a drug are to either repeat most of the chemistry, animal and human studies originally done, or to show that the drug performs comparably with the original brand name drug. This second option is called a "comparative bioavailability" study. During this type of study, volunteers are given the original drug, and then separately later the generic drug. The rates at which the drug is delivered to the patient (into their blood stream or otherwise absorbed) are measured to ensure they are the same. Because the same active ingredient is used the major concern is just that it delivers the common chemical(s) at the same rate so that they have the same effect. Please note that the methods that the manufacturers use may vary from country to country.