Rocephin (Ceftriaxone Sodium) and/or alternatives
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General Information On Rocephin
Rocephin or Ceftriaxone is a cephalosporin antibiotic used for treating different kinds of bacterial infections in the body, including life-threatening meningitis. Other infections that Rocephin can treat include acute bacterial otitis media, uncomplicated gonorrhea, bacterial septicemia, bacterial pneumonia, bacterial skin infections, bacterial bone infections, and Lyme disease. Your doctor will recommend you to buy Rocephin only if he/she is sure that the infection caused is bacterial in nature.
Side Effects for Rocephin
Some mild side effects of Rocephin may include nausea, stomach pain, vomiting, headache, swelling or pain in the tongue, dizziness, vaginal discharge or itching, and excessive sweating. Most of these side effects wane over time as your body gets used to the drug. You need to contact your doctor if you are experiencing any serious side effects of the drug such as bloody or watery diarrhea or stools, blistering, a red skin rash, white patches on your lips or inside the mouth, pale or yellow skin, dark colored urine, less urine, chalky colored stools, heartburn, severe pain in the upper stomach spreading to your back and swelling, irritation, or pain at the site of the injection.
You should not take Rocephin if you have an allergy to Ceftriaxone or similar antibiotics like Ceftin, Omnicefl, Keflex, and Cefzil. You should inform your doctor beforehand if you have kidney or liver disease, an intestinal or stomach disorder, or any gall bladder problem. Rocephin may cause diarrhea, but you should not take any other medicine to stop this side effect before consulting your doctor. Though the drug does not harm an unborn baby, you should inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant. As Rocephin may cause dizziness, you should not drive a vehicle or do any other activity that requires you to stay alert.
Depending on the severity and type of bacterial infection, Rocephin 1g to 2g per day is given to an adult patient, sometimes divided into two doses to be taken twice a day. If the infection has been caused by staphylococcus aureus, then you will need to take Rocephin 2g to 4g per day. For treating uncomplicated gonococcus infections, a single intramuscular dose of Rocephin 250mg is recommended. Usually, the treatment continues for up to 4 to 14 days, and for at least 2 days after the infection has been resolved. You may need to visit your doctor regularly for follow ups. Do not stop taking the injection even if you notice that symptoms of the infection have disappeared. If you stop the course before completion, the bacteria may not be destroyed completely and may return, only to cause other complications or a worse infection.
You should not buy Rocephin if you are taking other Cephalosporin antibiotics such as Raniclor, Duricef, Omnicef, Ancef, Spectracef, Vantin, Cefzil, Cedax, Ceftin, Keflex, and Velosef. You should inform your doctor about all the prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and herbal products you are using at present, so that he or she can identify the ones that could interact with Rocephin and recommend any necessary changes in your medication dosage and/or schedule.
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What is a "Generic" medication/drug?
Generic drugs are medications that have comparable medicinal ingredients as the original brand name drug, but which are generally cheaper in price. Nearly 1 in 3 drugs dispensed are "generic". They undergo testing to ensure that they are similar to their "brand" counterparts in:
- Active Ingredient (e.g. "Pravastatin" is the active ingredient in brand name Pravachol)
- Dosage (e.g. 10 mg of the active ingredient)
- Safety (e.g. same or similar side effects, drug interactions)
- Performance (e.g. 10 mg of a "generic" can be substituted for 10 mg of the "brand" and have the same therapeutic result)
- Intended use (e.g. both "generic" and "brand" would be prescribed for the same conditions)
What this means is that "generic" medications can be used as a substitute of their brand equivalents with the comparable therapeutic results. There are a few exceptions (examples are outlined at the end of this page) and as always you should consult your physician before switching from a brand name medications to a generic or vice versa.
What differences are there between generic and brand?
While generics and brand equivalent drugs contain the same active ingredients, they may be different in the following ways:
- Appearance (e.g. the scoring or markings)
The color, shape and size of the medication come from the fillers that are added to the active ingredients to make the drug. These fillers that are added to the drug have no medical use and do not to change the effectiveness of the final product. A generic drug must contain comparable active ingredients and must have a comparable strength and dosage as the original brand name equivalent. Generic drugs can be more cost effective than purchasing the brand name.
Why do generics cost less than the brand name equivalents?
When a new drug is "invented", the company that discovered it has a patent on it that gives them the exclusive production rights for this medication. Once the patent expires in a country, other companies can bring the product to market under their own name. This patent prevents other companies from copying the drug during that time so they can earn back their Research and Development costs through being the exclusive supplier of the product. After the patent expires however, other companies can develop a "generic" version of the product. These versions generally are offered at much lower prices because the companies do not have the same development costs as the original company who developed the medication.
The main thing to realize here though is that the two products are therapeutically equivalent. They may look different, and be called something different.
How are Generic drugs tested to ensure quality and efficacy?
Generally speaking, the two most generally accepted methods to prove the safety of a generic version of a drug are to either repeat most of the chemistry, animal and human studies originally done, or to show that the drug performs comparably with the original brand name drug. This second option is called a "comparative bioavailability" study. During this type of study, volunteers are given the original drug, and then separately later the generic drug. The rates at which the drug is delivered to the patient (into their blood stream or otherwise absorbed) are measured to ensure they are the same. Because the same active ingredient is used the major concern is just that it delivers the common chemical(s) at the same rate so that they have the same effect. Please note that the methods that the manufacturers use may vary from country to country.