Yaz (Drospirenone/Ethinyl Estradiol) and/or alternatives
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General Information On Yaz
Yaz is an oral contraceptive consisting of two female hormones, progestin (drospirenone) and estrogen (ethinyl estradiol). Yaz is a birth control pill used for preventing a pregnancy. Available in the form of a tablet, Yaz has to be taken once daily at the same time with or without food. It works by preventing ovulation during mensuration and also thickens the vaginal fluid to stop the fertilization process. Yaz ensures that the fertilized egg does not get attached to the uterus, but is passed out of your body. The drug has proved 99% effective in preventing a pregnancy when taken as per a doctor’s instruction. Yaz is also used for curing PMDD (premenstrual dysphoric disorder) and moderate acne in women above 14 years of age. The medication cannot cure PMS and is not useful for preventing HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Side Effects for Yaz
You may experience spotting in between periods, breast tenderness, headache, or nausea during the initial stages of Yaz treatment. In rare cases, you may experience a decrease in sexual desire, bloating, acne, increase in sugar levels, higher triglyceride levels, depression, and acne. Yaz can increase the chances of blood clotting, and you should contact your doctor immediately if you notice rare but serious side effects such as shortness of breath, severe chest pain, continuous leg pain, sudden partial or complete blindness, yellowing of the skin, and weakness in the limbs.
Your doctor will not recommend you to buy Yaz if you have a history of blood clots in the lungs, legs or eyes, suffer from heart ailments, or have had a stroke, experienced heart rhythm abnormalities or heart valve problems, or have high blood pressure. Yaz is also not recommended for diabetics and those with a kidney, nerve, or eye problem. You should not take Yaz if you have ever suffered from breast cancer or any other cancer that affects the female hormones, have liver disease, kidney disorder, or suffer from severe migraine attacks. Pregnant women and those over 35 years of age are advised not to buy this drug.
You can buy Yaz blister pack, which contains 28 small pink colored tablets, 21 of which (active tablets) contain .02mg ethinyl estradinol and 3mg drospirenone. You should start taking the pills within 24 hours of your period starting. Take it daily at the same time with water or fruit juice, preferably before going to bed. During the initial months, you may experience irregular periods or light spotting if you miss taking a Yaz pill. If you vomit after using Yaz, consult your doctor and ask him/her about an alternative method of birth control. If you wish to conceive, stop using Yaz and visit your doctor for a pre-pregnancy checkup.
Before you buy Yaz, inform your doctor about all the herbal and medicinal products you are using, as some drugs like Bosentan, Felbamate, Oxcarbazepine, St John’s Wort, Rifampin, Phenytoin, Carbamazepine and Griseofulvin can decrease its effectiveness. Yaz usage can increase potassium levels in your blood and should be used with caution when taken with NSAIDS, potassium supplements, potassium sparing diuretics, Aldosterone antagonists, heparin, ACE inhibitors, etc. When taken with lamotrigine or other anticonvulsants, Yaz can increase the risks of seizures.
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What is a "Generic" medication/drug?
Generic drugs are medications that have comparable medicinal ingredients as the original brand name drug, but which are generally cheaper in price. Nearly 1 in 3 drugs dispensed are "generic". They undergo testing to ensure that they are similar to their "brand" counterparts in:
- Active Ingredient (e.g. "Pravastatin" is the active ingredient in brand name Pravachol)
- Dosage (e.g. 10 mg of the active ingredient)
- Safety (e.g. same or similar side effects, drug interactions)
- Performance (e.g. 10 mg of a "generic" can be substituted for 10 mg of the "brand" and have the same therapeutic result)
- Intended use (e.g. both "generic" and "brand" would be prescribed for the same conditions)
What this means is that "generic" medications can be used as a substitute of their brand equivalents with the comparable therapeutic results. There are a few exceptions (examples are outlined at the end of this page) and as always you should consult your physician before switching from a brand name medications to a generic or vice versa.
What differences are there between generic and brand?
While generics and brand equivalent drugs contain the same active ingredients, they may be different in the following ways:
- Appearance (e.g. the scoring or markings)
The color, shape and size of the medication come from the fillers that are added to the active ingredients to make the drug. These fillers that are added to the drug have no medical use and do not to change the effectiveness of the final product. A generic drug must contain comparable active ingredients and must have a comparable strength and dosage as the original brand name equivalent. Generic drugs can be more cost effective than purchasing the brand name.
Why do generics cost less than the brand name equivalents?
When a new drug is "invented", the company that discovered it has a patent on it that gives them the exclusive production rights for this medication. Once the patent expires in a country, other companies can bring the product to market under their own name. This patent prevents other companies from copying the drug during that time so they can earn back their Research and Development costs through being the exclusive supplier of the product. After the patent expires however, other companies can develop a "generic" version of the product. These versions generally are offered at much lower prices because the companies do not have the same development costs as the original company who developed the medication.
The main thing to realize here though is that the two products are therapeutically equivalent. They may look different, and be called something different.
How are Generic drugs tested to ensure quality and efficacy?
Generally speaking, the two most generally accepted methods to prove the safety of a generic version of a drug are to either repeat most of the chemistry, animal and human studies originally done, or to show that the drug performs comparably with the original brand name drug. This second option is called a "comparative bioavailability" study. During this type of study, volunteers are given the original drug, and then separately later the generic drug. The rates at which the drug is delivered to the patient (into their blood stream or otherwise absorbed) are measured to ensure they are the same. Because the same active ingredient is used the major concern is just that it delivers the common chemical(s) at the same rate so that they have the same effect. Please note that the methods that the manufacturers use may vary from country to country.