Zarontin (Ethosuximide) and/or alternatives
No Generic Alternative.
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General Information On Zarontin
Zarontin is a medication used for treating epileptic seizures, especially absence seizures and petit mal seizures in adults as well as children. The drug can be used alone or in combination with other drugs to control epilepsy. The generic name of Zarontin is ethosuximide, and it belongs to the group of anticonvulsants. Zarontin helps control a seizure by affecting the brain chemicals that transmit signals to the nerves and curbing seizures. It is available in the form of both a syrup and capsule.
Side Effects for Zarontin
When you buy Zarontin and start using it, you may initially experience some common side effects such as nausea, indigestion, diarrhea, stomachache, weight loss, fatigue, lightheadedness, lack of concentration, and severe headache. These symptoms may disappear in a few days, but if the problem persists, you must consult your physician. You should also notify him/her if you notice rare but serious side effects like swollen glands, flu like symptoms, easy bruising, bleeding gums, pain and swelling in the joints and muscles, unexplained skin allergies including hives and rashes, and severe chest pain with breathlessness. Using this antiepileptic drug can lead to depression. If this happens, stop using Zarontin and consult your doctor immediately, especially if you experience suicidal thoughts and suffer from violent mood swings or insomnia.
You must not buy Zarontin if you have a history of liver or kidney problem, suffer from depression, experience suicidal thoughts, or have any other psychological disorder. Zarontin should not be used if you are pregnant or planning to conceive. Breastfeeding mothers should use this drug only under their doctor’s supervision. Zarontin can make you feel drowsy or dizzy, so avoid performing any activity that requires you to be alert after using this medicine. Stop or reduce your alcohol intake while you are using this antiepileptic drug.
Zarontin 250mg and Zarontin 500mg capsules are available in the market. For treating epilepsy in small children, Zarontin syrup can be given as per the doctor’s recommendations. However, Zarontin syrup may contain alcohol and sugar, so diabetics and patients suffering from liver disorder should be extremely cautious when using this syrup. Generally, patients between 3 and 6 years of age will be given Zarontin 250mg capsule, which has to be taken once a day with water with or without food. For patients above 6 years of age, doctors may prescribe Zarontin 500mg once daily. After the initial dosage period, the dosage can then be adjusted keeping in mind the patient’s age, medical history, and to treatment. Zarontin may be used in combination with other anti-seizure medication to treat epilepsy.
Inform your doctor if you are taking any medication- prescribed or over the counter- herbal medicines and natural supplements before you buy Zarontin, as some drugs can interact negatively with Zarontin. Since this medication can make you drowsy, you must consult your doctor if you are taking antihistamines, alcohol, anti-seizure medications, sedatives, NSAIDs, or muscle relaxants. Use cough and cold medications containing alcohol with caution while using Zarontin.
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What is a "Generic" medication/drug?
Generic drugs are medications that have comparable medicinal ingredients as the original brand name drug, but which are generally cheaper in price. Nearly 1 in 3 drugs dispensed are "generic". They undergo testing to ensure that they are similar to their "brand" counterparts in:
- Active Ingredient (e.g. "Pravastatin" is the active ingredient in brand name Pravachol)
- Dosage (e.g. 10 mg of the active ingredient)
- Safety (e.g. same or similar side effects, drug interactions)
- Performance (e.g. 10 mg of a "generic" can be substituted for 10 mg of the "brand" and have the same therapeutic result)
- Intended use (e.g. both "generic" and "brand" would be prescribed for the same conditions)
What this means is that "generic" medications can be used as a substitute of their brand equivalents with the comparable therapeutic results. There are a few exceptions (examples are outlined at the end of this page) and as always you should consult your physician before switching from a brand name medications to a generic or vice versa.
What differences are there between generic and brand?
While generics and brand equivalent drugs contain the same active ingredients, they may be different in the following ways:
- Appearance (e.g. the scoring or markings)
The color, shape and size of the medication come from the fillers that are added to the active ingredients to make the drug. These fillers that are added to the drug have no medical use and do not to change the effectiveness of the final product. A generic drug must contain comparable active ingredients and must have a comparable strength and dosage as the original brand name equivalent. Generic drugs can be more cost effective than purchasing the brand name.
Why do generics cost less than the brand name equivalents?
When a new drug is "invented", the company that discovered it has a patent on it that gives them the exclusive production rights for this medication. Once the patent expires in a country, other companies can bring the product to market under their own name. This patent prevents other companies from copying the drug during that time so they can earn back their Research and Development costs through being the exclusive supplier of the product. After the patent expires however, other companies can develop a "generic" version of the product. These versions generally are offered at much lower prices because the companies do not have the same development costs as the original company who developed the medication.
The main thing to realize here though is that the two products are therapeutically equivalent. They may look different, and be called something different.
How are Generic drugs tested to ensure quality and efficacy?
Generally speaking, the two most generally accepted methods to prove the safety of a generic version of a drug are to either repeat most of the chemistry, animal and human studies originally done, or to show that the drug performs comparably with the original brand name drug. This second option is called a "comparative bioavailability" study. During this type of study, volunteers are given the original drug, and then separately later the generic drug. The rates at which the drug is delivered to the patient (into their blood stream or otherwise absorbed) are measured to ensure they are the same. Because the same active ingredient is used the major concern is just that it delivers the common chemical(s) at the same rate so that they have the same effect. Please note that the methods that the manufacturers use may vary from country to country.